What is Cloud Computing?

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By outsourcing the management of resources like databases, servers, software, and networking, users can save time and effort by taking use of cloud computing. Instead of storing data and applications locally on your hard drive, cloud computing allows you to do it remotely over the internet. By connecting and sharing cloud and on-premise data, cloud computing aims to simplify procedures for both developers and non-developers. To simplify, consider cloud computing a mode of distribution.

A simple example of cloud computing is sharing a photo on Facebook or Dropbox to celebrate a friend’s new baby. Dropbox is a cloud-based service that provides extra space for storing data. In the early days of cloud computing, Facebook was among the first businesses to develop a database system that could be deployed over tens of thousands of computers. Although the earliest forms of cloud computing date back to the 1960s, this kind of data storage has come a long way since its infancy and is here to stay. Almost 83% of company workloads will be in the cloud by 2020, according to Forbes.

And it’s possible that your company won’t make the transition overnight; hybrid cloud integration is a viable choice for many businesses. Take a look at the advantages that cloud computing might provide your company.

The Several Types of Cloud-Based Services and What They Provide

The enormous amount of information that must be managed doubles every two years, making the complexity of that data one of the greatest obstacles that businesses must overcome today. Decisions must be made about how to route historical data (ERP, on-premises data warehouses) and how to integrate new data sources (cloud, SaaS, unstructured data) into new data destinations (data lakes, cloud data warehouses). Data management is only as effective as the data it contains. To help you get started making decisions, below are the most fundamental services:

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS)

In a cloud computing architecture, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is the foundational service. Instead of keeping servers and network gear in-house, an IaaS model has them hosted by a third-party cloud provider. Its implementation requires in-house technical expertise, but it’s the best option for firms who want to build apps from scratch and maintain complete control.

Platform as a service (PaaS)

After implementing IaaS, the next logical step is to implement PaaS. Providers of a Platform as a Service also supply developers with the programs and resources they need to create their apps. Computer software may include an OS, GUI, language, and database administration, among other things.

Software as a service (SaaS)

Providers under a SaaS model host and manage the underlying technology and applications on behalf of their customers. Since SaaS is cloud-based, there is no need for the user to perform any kind of program installation. Customers have some leeway in configuring settings, such as selecting administrators and designing dashboards to suit their needs.

Five advantages of using cloud services

Both business owners and regular customers can benefit from the streamlined processes made possible by cloud computing. We’ll look at five of the advantages below:

  • Pay-Per-Use: For a long time, software piracy has been a major issue for developers due to the financial losses that result from the illegal use of their products. As resources are consumed in the cloud, expenses and the likelihood of piracy are reduced.
  • Application Resilience: Cloud Computing Has Significantly Changed The Way It Works. Formerly, a server, network, or complete data center would have had significant downtime in the event of an equipment failure or power loss. Now, thanks to advancements in cloud computing, these systems can now recover fast and continue running.
  • Opportunity to scale up infrastructure (e.g., an application that needs to be in place for thousands of people after a one-time marketing campaign) is great, but without the ability to scale back down, you’ll be leaving money on the table. Elasticity is exceptional in that it scales up and down with equal ease.
  • Automated or self-service provisioning gives developers and other technically skilled people the freedom to set up and operate a service or application without involving the IT department. The result is less expensive, more timely, and more reliable internal and external resources.
  • Although the process of moving all of your company’s data, applications, and infrastructure to the cloud can be difficult and time-consuming at first, the flexibility with which data can be transferred to and from the cloud ultimately pays off in the form of cost savings and an easier time taking advantage of new and developing services.

Competing benefits and drawbacks of cloud computing

Cloud computing has many advantages, but there are also more strategic reasons to use it and factors to weigh before fully committing your company’s resources to it.

Benefits of utilizing cloud computing

Simplicity in exchanging data. Files may be easily shared and modified regardless of location, which is a huge bonus in today’s globalized world when it’s practically guaranteed that team members will be located in different states or countries.

Businesses may be able to save money. As your data, apps, or servers require additional horsepower, the cost of implementing a more conventional in-house solution rises. The flexibility of the cloud allows you to save money by moving your data to the cloud as your needs change.

More rapid updates to the program. Whether you’re the company’s top sales executive or the head of a budding new company, nothing can derail the beginning of a productive work day like a lengthy software update. Like with many other problems, this one can be mitigated by cloud-based services, which renew and update themselves automatically to reduce downtime.

Limitations with cloud computing

Progress in employee education. It’s important to hire people who have the necessary skills for the job. Cloud Foundry conducted research in 2016 and came up with three factors that should be taken into account by companies when looking for and keeping good cloud employees.

  • Recruiting is in jeopardy because of the worldwide scarcity of developers.
  • The need for highly developed technological expertise is growing.
  • The greatest way to address the skills gap is to invest in the ongoing education of current employees.

Loss of market share due to complacency. If you use a software as a service (SaaS) application, for example, you may be using the same software as your competitors, making it more challenging to get an advantage.

There was a data loss. Nevertheless, since data is stored off-site, there is a greater chance of data loss (which isn’t necessarily malicious), despite the fact that this reduces total expenses by eliminating the need to purchase hardware. Accidental data deletion or even natural disasters might cause irreparable loss of consumer records. Also, provider error is not the only cause of lost information. Users who fail to adequately encrypt their data, as well as workers who lack an adequate understanding of storage methods, can lead to irreparable loss.

concerns regarding safety. Because cloud computing involves the execution of software with known security flaws, it exposes data to commercial, financial, legal, and technological dangers. Cloud computing, in contrast to information technology systems in a conventional data center, places equal responsibility for vulnerability monitoring on the cloud service provider and the cloud user. That is, a corporation may be putting itself at risk for a cybersecurity attack if it doesn’t conduct its due research and accept full responsibility for understanding and implementing necessary security measures. Because of this, it is more important than ever to carefully weigh the benefits and drawbacks of a cloud migration for your company.

Explore this link for more information on the pros and cons of adopting a multi-cloud approach.

Cloud security is crucial

Protecting sensitive information requires top-notch security protocols. In many cases, this will necessitate the formulation of an integration plan for the safe transfer of data from on-premises servers to cloud storage.Is it secure to store my data on the cloud? is one of the most fundamental questions each business must answer. Consider the systems you already have in place. When compared to a dedicated team of engineers at your cloud provider, an overworked internal IT department that is also responsible for managing internal systems is less likely to be able to keep your company’s data secure.

As an additional precaution, rather than placing entire trust in your cloud service provider, you may want to look into using third-party solutions. Forrester predicts that the global market for cloud security technology would grow to $12.7 billion by 2023, from $5.6 billion in 2018. It’s important to remember, too, that these additional precautions may raise prices and even reduce efficiency. Find out why it’s crucial to develop a safe method of integrating data stored on the cloud here.

Privacy and Data Protection Regulations and Cloud Computing

The European Union’s citizens’ data privacy is at the center of the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which has implications for how businesses handle data privacy for European Union residents. In that case, how does cloud computing fit into becoming GDPR compliant? Firstly, a cloud user needs to be informed of how their data is being used and processed, as cloud computing is in part a data processing contract. To comply with General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), your business must guarantee that it provides its users with transparent policies and that it uses cloud and resource providers that do the same.

Your organization should prioritize compliance with GDPR as well as broader data protection. Finally, here are the things that need to be done:

  • Build up a competent group of cloud engineers to manage your infrastructure.
  • Use supplementary, external tools for security.
  • Maintain GDPR compliance for your company.

Comparison of Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP)

After giving some thought to safety concerns, you can go on to choose a platform. Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform are the three most powerful providers of infrastructure as a service (IaaS) and platform as a service (PaaS) in the cloud. Amazon currently has the largest proportion of the cloud services market, followed by Microsoft and Google. The level of data integration required will determine the best platform for your business. Here are some of the advantages of each option:

Amazon Web Services (AWS) 

When it comes to services for businesses who want to reduce expenses and streamline their data architectures, Amazon is unrivaled. Using AWS’s Infrastructure as a Service model means you only pay for the computing power, data transfer capacity, and network bandwidth that you really utilize.



There’s a good reason why Microsoft Azure controls 13% of the market for cloud infrastructure services. Cloud computing, data management, and other cutting-edge technologies are only some of the many features offered by this system. It provides a wide variety of services, including messaging, mobile apps, and even Internet of Things (IoT) and machine learning.


Google Cloud Platform

As Google Cloud was developed with the needs of smaller businesses in mind (although larger enterprises can, of course, also benefit from it), it is especially important for entrepreneurs to take note of this service. The platform includes cloud storage, large-scale computing solutions (such batch processing and data processing), and big data solutions in addition to app solutions (mobile, social, etc.).


Cloud computing’s defined as the largest

The idea of “cloud computing” has been around for quite some time. Since in the 1960s, people have been trying to break away from the constraints of conventional computer technology. However, the concept of “cloud computing” as a distinct phrase developed in the 1990s, when the term “Cloud” was used to refer to the gap between the customer and the service provider.

Professor Ramnath Chellapa of Emory University coined the phrase “computing paradigm” to describe cloud computing in 1997. He predicted that “the frontiers of computing will be dictated by economic rationale, rather than technical restrictions alone.”

Amazon Web Services (AWS) was released in 2006 and is a cloud computing platform and online service provider for consumers and businesses alike. Google’s online document sharing program, Google Docs, debuted that same year. In addition, Apple’s iCloud service debuted in 2011.

In the years afterwards, cloud computing has evolved from a novel concept that few organizations were willing to adopt into a standard method of operation for many forward-thinking companies. Thus, businesses have started to accept the cloud payment model based on usage as a permanent fixture.

Further steps for cloud computing

Yet, despite having been around for almost 60 years, cloud computing is currently experiencing rapid adoption, with an expected 83% migration of enterprise workloads to the cloud by 2020. It is expected that 41% of these workloads would be executed on public cloud platforms (like AWS), 20% will be executed in private clouds, and 22% will be executed in hybrid clouds.

We may expect great things from cloud computing and the data integration it enables in the years to come. Knowing the fundamental services (SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS) as well as platforms and security threats can help your business find the greatest fit in terms of cloud services and the skills to successfully integrate such services.

If you’re interested in learning more about the cloud, you can get a free copy of the Cloud Architecture Handbook, which details how to create a Google Cloud Platform and Talend-based complete cloud integration platform. You will find out how to boost conversion and sales, establish a cloud-based customer-360, and set up a data lake for business analytics to streamline operations.

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